Some aspects about lorentz transformations
Alguns aspectos sobre as transformações de Lorentz
Keywords:lorentz, transformations, space-time
In the perspective to guiding undergraduate students on advanced topics in theoretical physics, this article approaches a brief study about some aspects of the Lorentz transformations. The two fundamental postulates of Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity (or special relativity) are explained. The detailed process of constructing the Lorentz transformations and in particular the transformations performed considering the rectilinear and uniform motion of a frame of reference in relation to the other along the x-axis direction are presented. Some consequences resulting from Lorentz transformations such as Length contraction, Time dilation and the Relativity of simultaneity are highlighted.